Science, Technology & Public Policy

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Effects of Smoking on Body Mass Index among University Students in Bangladesh

Received: 8 January 2024    Accepted: 22 January 2024    Published: 5 February 2024
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Abstract

Both smoking and being overweight are two major global public health issues nowadays that can raise the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and metabolic disorders and that can lead to death. This study aims to determine the association between smoking and body mass index (BMI) among university students in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional research design is adopted; the target population of the study is university students including all religions and races. With the aid of a non-probability convenience sampling technique, a total of 910 university students participated in the study. Descriptive statistics and parametric statistical analyses were used to analyze the data collected from the respondents. Among the respondents, smokers and non-smokers represented 496 (54.5%) and 414 (45.5%) respectively. Among the 496 smokers of respondents, their smoking intensity score showed 70.6% of respondents were low dependent on nicotine and 29.4% were high dependent on nicotine. There was a significant difference between subjects who smoked cigarettes and those who did not smoke cigarettes regarding gender, age, study group, current living status, socio-economic class, and religion (p < 0.05). The present study showed a significant association between high smoking intensity with overweight (p < 0.05). According to the study, smoking cigarettes over an extended period is associated with a lower BMI and vice versa. We find that 54.5% of the university students in our sample were smokers, and we think that if awareness programs are introduced or increased in universities with regular activities of universities the percentage of smoking is decreased. When someone managing their body weight, smoking status and quitting techniques should also be taken into consideration.

DOI 10.11648/stpp.20240801.11
Published in Science, Technology & Public Policy (Volume 8, Issue 1, June 2024)
Page(s) 1-8
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Smoking, BMI, Overweight, University Students, Bangladesh

References
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Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Akter, T., Tabassum, M., Parvej, M. I. (2024). Effects of Smoking on Body Mass Index among University Students in Bangladesh. Science, Technology & Public Policy, 8(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.11648/stpp.20240801.11

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    ACS Style

    Akter, T.; Tabassum, M.; Parvej, M. I. Effects of Smoking on Body Mass Index among University Students in Bangladesh. Sci. Technol. Public Policy 2024, 8(1), 1-8. doi: 10.11648/stpp.20240801.11

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    AMA Style

    Akter T, Tabassum M, Parvej MI. Effects of Smoking on Body Mass Index among University Students in Bangladesh. Sci Technol Public Policy. 2024;8(1):1-8. doi: 10.11648/stpp.20240801.11

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  • @article{10.11648/stpp.20240801.11,
      author = {Tahmina Akter and Mimma Tabassum and Mohammad Iftakhar Parvej},
      title = {Effects of Smoking on Body Mass Index among University Students in Bangladesh},
      journal = {Science, Technology & Public Policy},
      volume = {8},
      number = {1},
      pages = {1-8},
      doi = {10.11648/stpp.20240801.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/stpp.20240801.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.stpp.20240801.11},
      abstract = {Both smoking and being overweight are two major global public health issues nowadays that can raise the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and metabolic disorders and that can lead to death. This study aims to determine the association between smoking and body mass index (BMI) among university students in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional research design is adopted; the target population of the study is university students including all religions and races. With the aid of a non-probability convenience sampling technique, a total of 910 university students participated in the study. Descriptive statistics and parametric statistical analyses were used to analyze the data collected from the respondents. Among the respondents, smokers and non-smokers represented 496 (54.5%) and 414 (45.5%) respectively. Among the 496 smokers of respondents, their smoking intensity score showed 70.6% of respondents were low dependent on nicotine and 29.4% were high dependent on nicotine. There was a significant difference between subjects who smoked cigarettes and those who did not smoke cigarettes regarding gender, age, study group, current living status, socio-economic class, and religion (p < 0.05). The present study showed a significant association between high smoking intensity with overweight (p < 0.05). According to the study, smoking cigarettes over an extended period is associated with a lower BMI and vice versa. We find that 54.5% of the university students in our sample were smokers, and we think that if awareness programs are introduced or increased in universities with regular activities of universities the percentage of smoking is decreased. When someone managing their body weight, smoking status and quitting techniques should also be taken into consideration.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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    T1  - Effects of Smoking on Body Mass Index among University Students in Bangladesh
    AU  - Tahmina Akter
    AU  - Mimma Tabassum
    AU  - Mohammad Iftakhar Parvej
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    T2  - Science, Technology & Public Policy
    JF  - Science, Technology & Public Policy
    JO  - Science, Technology & Public Policy
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/stpp.20240801.11
    AB  - Both smoking and being overweight are two major global public health issues nowadays that can raise the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and metabolic disorders and that can lead to death. This study aims to determine the association between smoking and body mass index (BMI) among university students in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional research design is adopted; the target population of the study is university students including all religions and races. With the aid of a non-probability convenience sampling technique, a total of 910 university students participated in the study. Descriptive statistics and parametric statistical analyses were used to analyze the data collected from the respondents. Among the respondents, smokers and non-smokers represented 496 (54.5%) and 414 (45.5%) respectively. Among the 496 smokers of respondents, their smoking intensity score showed 70.6% of respondents were low dependent on nicotine and 29.4% were high dependent on nicotine. There was a significant difference between subjects who smoked cigarettes and those who did not smoke cigarettes regarding gender, age, study group, current living status, socio-economic class, and religion (p < 0.05). The present study showed a significant association between high smoking intensity with overweight (p < 0.05). According to the study, smoking cigarettes over an extended period is associated with a lower BMI and vice versa. We find that 54.5% of the university students in our sample were smokers, and we think that if awareness programs are introduced or increased in universities with regular activities of universities the percentage of smoking is decreased. When someone managing their body weight, smoking status and quitting techniques should also be taken into consideration.
    
    VL  - 8
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Statistics, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh

  • Department of Statistics, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh

  • Department of Statistics, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh

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